Metaverse, Web3, NFT, DAO: A Information to 2021’s Tech Buzzwords

This 12 months, tech CEOs drew inspiration from a Nineties sci-fi novel, Reddit traders’ lexicon seeped into the mainstream as “diamond fingers” and “apes” shook Wall Road, and one thing referred to as a DAO tried to purchase a uncommon copy of the US Structure.

In case you’re nonetheless drawing a clean as 2021 wraps up, here is a brief glossary:


The metaverse broadly refers to shared, immersive digital environments which individuals can transfer between and will entry through digital actuality or augmented actuality headsets or pc screens.

Some tech CEOs are betting will probably be the successor to the cellular Web. The time period was coined within the dystopian novel “Snow Crash” three a long time in the past. This 12 months CEOs of tech corporations from Microsoft to Match Group have mentioned their roles in constructing the metaverse. In October, Fb renamed itself Meta to replicate its new metaverse focus.


Web3 is used to explain a possible subsequent part of the web: a decentralised Web run on the record-keeping expertise blockchain.

This mannequin, the place customers would have possession stakes in platforms and purposes, would differ from at present’s web, generally known as Web2, the place a couple of main tech giants like Fb and Alphabet’s Google management the platforms.

Social audio

Tech corporations waxed lyrical this 12 months about instruments for reside audio conversations, speeding to launch options after the buzzy, as soon as invite-only app Clubhouse noticed an preliminary surge amid COVID-19 lockdowns.


Non-fungible tokens, which exploded in reputation this 12 months, are a kind of digital asset that exists on a blockchain, a report of transactions saved on networked computer systems.

In March, a piece by American artist Beeple bought for practically $70 million (roughly Rs. 530 crore) at Christie’s, the primary ever sale by a significant public sale home of artwork that doesn’t exist in bodily type.


Decentralising, or the switch of energy and operations from central authorities like corporations or governments to the fingers of customers, emerged as a key theme within the tech business.

Such shifts might have an effect on all the things from how industries and markets are organised to capabilities like content material moderation of platforms. Twitter, for instance, is investing in a mission to construct a decentralised frequent customary for social networks, dubbed Bluesky.


A decentralised autonomous organisation (DAO) is mostly an Web neighborhood owned by its members and run on blockchain expertise. DAOs use good contracts, items of code that set up the group’s guidelines and robotically execute choices.

In current months, crowd-funded crypto-group ConstitutionDAO tried and failed to purchase a uncommon copy of the US Structure in an public sale held by Sotheby’s.


This deliberate misspelling of “shares,” which originated with an Web meme, made headlines as on-line merchants congregating in boards like Reddit’s WallStreetBets drove up shares together with GameStop and AMC. The lingo of those merchants, calling themselves “apes” or praising the “diamond fingers” who held positions throughout huge market swings, turned mainstream.


GameFi is a broad time period referring to the pattern of avid gamers incomes cryptocurrency via taking part in video video games, the place gamers can become profitable via mechanisms like getting monetary tokens for profitable battles within the well-liked recreation Axie Infinity.


The time period covers all cryptocurrencies other than Bitcoin, starting from Ethereum, which goals to be the spine of a future monetary system, to Dogecoin, a digital forex initially created as a joke and popularised by Tesla CEO Elon Musk.

FSD Beta

Tesla launched a take a look at model of its upgraded Full Self-Driving (FSD) software program, a system of driving-assistance options – like robotically altering lanes and make turns – to the broader public this 12 months.

The identify of the much-scrutinised software program has itself been contentious, with regulators and customers saying it misrepresents its capabilities because it nonetheless requires driver consideration.


“Fabs,” brief for a semiconductor fabrication plant, entered the mainstream lexicon this 12 months as a scarcity of chips from fabs had been blamed for the worldwide scarcity of all the things from automobiles to devices.

Web Zero

A time period, popularised this 12 months due to the COP26 UN local weather talks in Glasgow, for saying a rustic, firm, or product doesn’t contribute to world greenhouse gasoline emissions. That is normally achieved by chopping emissions, similar to use of fossil fuels, and balancing any remaining emissions with efforts to absorb carbon, like planting bushes. Critics say any emissions are unacceptable.

© Thomson Reuters 2021

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